Obesity surgery is among the topics that are frequently sought by people. People are wondering about many things about this surgery. Searches for detailed information. Here is the detailed information about this surgery.
What is Obesity Surgery?
Weight loss surgery includes obesity surgery. This is by no means the first option. Several surgical treatments are available. Obese people who have tried diet, exercise, and medication but have not lost weight may consider bariatric surgery.
Who Is Obesity Surgery Suitable For?
Bariatric surgery is a therapy option for those who have tried all other options and still suffer from their weight. Before a surgical procedure, all relevant units should be contacted and the patient should be suitable for anesthesia. Body mass index (BMI) is used to identify people who are candidates for treatment. If the patient’s BMI is over 40, surgery can be performed.
Type 2 Surgery may be considered in diabetic patients with a BMI between 30 and 35 and accompanying comorbidities (hypertension, Type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, high triglyceride levels, heart disease, hypoventilation syndrome, fatty liver).
Obesity Surgery Types
As a result of technological advances, many surgical procedures have developed to treat obesity. Depending on the patient’s condition, the doctor and the patient decide whether surgery is necessary.
Gastric balloon is the simplest technique to aid weight loss. An endoscope is used to insert a balloon filled with liquid or air into the stomach while the patient is sedated. This treatment takes about 15-20 minutes. As a result, the stomach’s capacity to take in food is restricted and it becomes full in a short time. Using this method, patients can lose 7-8 kilos in a few months.
Endoscopic removal of this balloon takes 5-6 minutes. However, it can remain in the body for up to a year before being excreted within six months. Although the treatment is simple to implement and there is no permanent change in the body, weight loss can be reversed if the patient does not change his lifestyle and continues his diet after the balloon is removed.
People learn to eat healthier by using them for six months to a year. Gastric balloon operation is currently used in patients who are very dangerous for surgery and in super obese people to prepare for the necessary morbid obesity surgery. Non-obese people can also benefit.
There are several ways to lose weight and this is one of them. During this treatment, most of the stomach is removed, resulting in something like a tube. The individual’s calorie intake is reduced. Gastric sleeve surgery with the closed method can also be performed in a couple of hours. The hospital stay is typically two to three days. After two weeks of liquid and two weeks of soft meals, patients can continue to eat normally.
It may be thought that you will need a vitamin supplement. During surgery, the fundus part of the stomach is removed and ghrelin secretion is blocked, thereby reducing the ghrelin hormone secretion. An average of 80% of excess weight can be lost in the first year after this treatment. After this process, be sure to chew your food well and limit your eating amount. Finally, exercise should not be forgotten. Avoid high-calorie, liquid meals containing refined sugar to avoid regaining the weight you lost.
During these treatments, the stomach is divided into two different regions. It has two sizes: one large and one small. The duodenum and part of the small intestine are bypassed and connected by the newly formed small stomach. The emphasis is on two specific examples. A person’s calorie intake is limited to the amount of nutrients absorbed from meals.
These procedures can now be used successfully laparoscopically. Gastric bypass surgery is one of the most commonly performed bariatric surgery procedures worldwide. Due to its high metabolic efficiency, it is one of the best strategies to prevent obesity and its accompanying health problems. It may take up to 1.5 years to maintain your weight loss.
Post-operative follow-up is very important. There is a risk that patients will need to take vitamins for a long time. Consumers should consult their dieticians and doctors about nutrition.
Higher weight loss is achieved as a result of Duodenal Switch surgery. This approach can help anyone with a BMI greater than 50 kg/m2. This method regulates the amount of food a patient consumes and the amount of food absorbed. Obesity, diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol are treated with this method. Patients who consume high-fat foods may benefit from this procedure, as it reduces fat absorption. Although it is one of the most successful surgical methods in obesity surgery, it is rarely used due to the risk of serious complications during and after the procedure. Since fat absorption is reduced, chronic smelly diarrhea, vitamin and protein deficiencies are common after this surgery.
Mini Gastric By-Pass
While the surgery is less time consuming and less expensive, the benefits of effectively beating type 2 diabetes and losing weight are extraordinary. It is a less invasive gastric bypass surgery that is easier to do. The 2-meter portion of the small intestine connects to the gastric sac when it reaches its maximum length. Stomach remaining endoscopically in the long term, such as RNY gastric bypass, cannot be detected and patients may need vitamin supplements in the long term. This is the main disadvantage.
How Is Obesity Surgery Performed?
When a patient is admitted to the hospital for treatment, an endocrinologist and an anesthesiologist will evaluate their medical history. First, the surgeon examines the patient in detail. After determining whether the patient is a good candidate for surgery, the doctor informs the patient about bariatric surgery. Abdominal ultrasonography and laboratory tests are performed as part of the diagnostic process.
Before Obesity Surgery
Before obesity surgery, surgeons begin by thoroughly examining the patient. The doctor informs the patient about bariatric surgery after determining whether the patient is a good candidate for surgery. When a patient is admitted for treatment, an endocrinologist and an anesthesiologist evaluate their medical history. Endoscopy, abdominal ultrasonography and laboratory tests are also performed.
After Obesity Surgery
Patients should be careful before and after surgery to avoid gaining weight and maintain a healthy lifestyle. After the patient is discharged from the hospital and all necessary controls are made, the treatment process continues. The patient should stick to the diet recommended by the dietitian and surgeon. In order not to interfere with the doctor’s regular examinations, the patient should refrain from exercising during the procedures recommended by the doctor.